Not to be confused with the term karat, used for gold, the carat is the unit of measure for weighing diamonds. Carat is another measurement of weight, similar to pound or gram. A carat is equivalent to 1/5 of a gram. Another way in which carats are referred to is “points”. One point is equivalent to 1/100th of a carat, so a 50 point stone would be a ½ carat in weight. Carat weight is what gets the majority of the focus when discussing diamonds, however, don’t be fooled, quality and cut of the stone can vary greatly! The larger the stone gets, the more exponential cost increases in order to ensure the same quality of stone. Large stones of good/great quality are extremely rare finds. In other words, two stones of equivalent quality and cut, with one being a 1.0 carat and one being a 2.0 carat, the 2.0 carat weight will be more than twice as expensive as the 1.0 carat weight stone.